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“Privacy Issues in New Government ID Systems: The Impact of New Standards for Credentials,” Keesing Journal of Documents & Identity, Issue 17, 2006, p. 25.



On 27 August 2004, President Bush signed Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12 (HSPD-12), entitled “Policy for a Common Identification Standard for Federal Employees and Contractors.” HSPD-12 requires all departments and agencies of te United States government to issue standard, interoperable identify credentials to everyone who needs more than temporary or occasional access to federal facilities and systems. This article provides a brief overview of HSPD-12 requirements and discusses how privacy issues are addressed in various implementation documents.

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